During the transition from the Georgian to the Victorian era in the UK, there were notable changes in window styles as well as architecture as a whole. In the Georgian era, windows were typically symmetrical and featured large, multi-paned sash windows. These windows were divided into multiple smaller panes using glazing bars, reflecting the classical influences of the time.
In the Victorian era, window styles became more varied and expressive, aligning with the diverse architectural influences of the period. Here are a few prominent window styles that emerged:
In line with the popularity of Gothic Revival architecture, some Victorian buildings featured pointed arches and intricate tracery in their windows. These windows often had decorative stone or wood mullions and transoms, creating a distinctive Gothic aesthetic.
The Victorian era witnessed the widespread use of bay windows, which projected outwards from the main building facade. Bay windows added depth and visual interest to the architecture while allowing more light into the interior. They often featured multiple panes of glass and could be ornately decorated with carved woodwork or ornamental details.
Victorian architecture embraced various forms of arched windows, such as lancet arches, ogee arches, or segmental arches. These arched windows added a sense of elegance and character to buildings and were commonly found in Gothic Revival and Italianate styles.
Stained glass windows gained popularity during the Victorian era, particularly in religious and public buildings. Elaborate stained glass panels with vibrant colours and intricate designs were used to create stunning visual displays, adding a touch of artistry and beauty to the architecture.
Plate glass and casement windows
Advancements in glass manufacturing during the Victorian era led to the availability of larger sheets of plate glass. This facilitated the construction of larger windows, including casement windows that opened outward on hinges. These windows allowed more natural light into rooms and were often found in residential buildings.
Overall, the Victorian era brought a departure from the symmetrical and multi-paned sash windows of the Georgian period. Window styles became more diverse, incorporating Gothic-inspired designs, bay windows, arched windows, stained glass, and larger plate glass windows with casements. These changes in window styles added visual interest, architectural character, and functionality to Victorian buildings.
At Parsons Joinery, We know period properties inside out, repairing and replacing joinery sympathetically to retain all character features. We have built an excellent reputation for quality joinery and an efficient service, ever since our business was established in 1997.
Located close to Lewes, East Sussex, with its predominance of Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian architecture and some earlier timber framed 15th and 16th century properties, we have worked on a range of projects involving original architectural features.
If you have a period project that requires expert joinery, contact us today to chat things through.